How to Start a Coffee Roasting Business

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If you are looking forward to starting a new business, coffee roasting is one of the best business opportunities available out there to consider. You can find plenty of people who love coffee. That’s why you will never have to struggle too much to find customers for your business. On the other hand, starting a coffee roasting business is relatively easy than setting up a burger joint.

Process of Coffee Roasting

Before you start a coffee roasting business, you need to have a solid overall understanding of the coffee roasting process. Otherwise, you will not be able to proceed with business operations according to the expectations.

First, you will need to get good quality coffee beans and then proceed with coffee roasting. The coffee beans are actually is the pit of a fruit, which looks similar to cherries. When the pits are moved, they can be dried. In fact, the drying process takes place before exporting coffee beans. The milled pits are green colored coffee beans. These exported coffee beans are ready to be roasted. Therefore, you will need to get hold of them and proceed with the coffee roasting process.

Coffee Fruit

The green-colored coffee beans that you have before roasting come along with a grassy and a beany aroma. It doesn’t smell like coffee. Therefore, it is important for you to go ahead and do the roasting correctly.

Coffee Roasting Technique

Coffee roasting is all about transforming the green colored coffee beans to brown colored coffee beans. Several methods are available for you to do it. So, pick the perfect technique for you and get started. Mastering the coffee roasting process, you will be able to receive the most outstanding results.

Stages of Coffee Roasting

The coffee roasting process can be divided into three main stages. Here is a quick overview of these three stages. After going through these three stages, you can determine whether it is worthy to start your coffee roasting business or not.

– Drying Stage

The first stage of coffee roasting is the drying stage. Coffee beans have a humidity of around 8% to 12%. Hence, it is important for you to go ahead and dry it before you proceed with roasting. The drying stage can be completed within 5 to 8 minutes. You can use a traditional drum roaster for it.

You need to set up the temperature for 160 degrees Celsius before you proceed. When you are using a drum roaster, you need to be careful that you are not burning the beans. If you have too much heat in the start, you will end up burning coffee beans. Therefore, you need to learn not to make this mistake.

How to Start a Coffee Roasting Business 1

When you go through the drying stage, you should also make sure that you facilitate coffee beans to collect energy.

– Browning Stage

Browning stage is the second stage of coffee roasting. When you go through drying stage, the coffee beans would smell like hay and toasted bread. That’s where the aroma precursors go ahead and transform into aroma compounds. When you further continue drying, you will end up with the browning stage.

During the browning stage, you can expect a Maillard reaction to take place. This stage is responsible for browning. During this process, sugars and amino acids will be reduced. Along with that, reactions will take place with hundreds of differently colored compounds, which are called as Melanoid. It is during the browning stage where you allow coffee beans to roast naturally. Along with that, you should allow the flavor to develop.

– Roasting Stage

After the browning stage, you can come into the roasting stage. In the first stage, the process became exothermic. As a result, coffee beans absorb energy and crack. During the browning stage, collected energy would force coffee beans to explode. And in this stage, you give time which is needed for aroma compounds to develop.

If you don’t slow down coffee roasting at this stage, you will end up getting smoky-tasting coffee. The flavor offered by these would be too sharp. Due to the same reason, you need to avoid getting such coffee beans.

The roasting stage is continued for around 25% of the roast time. You need to control this depending on the roast degree and flavor profile that you want to end up with.

Roasted Coffee Beans

Is Coffee Roasting a Good Business?

Now you have decided to go for the coffee roasting business. Along with that, you will also want to see and figure out if coffee roasting is a good business opportunity or not. Yes, coffee roasting is a good business opportunity available for you to try. You will be able to do it as a part-time business or a full-time one.

The best thing about a coffee roasting business is that it is super simple and easy to setup. You will be able to earn a gross profit of around $5 per every pound of coffee that you roast. When you roast around 80lbs of coffee per hour, you have the potential to earn $400.

You will have to focus on few other steps, such as cleaning, packaging, marketing and delivery of the products. Even when you allocate money to these mandatory expenses, you will be able to end up with a decent profit. In other words, a coffee roasting business can easily make you earn a gross profit of around $400k per year. Therefore, you can go ahead and start the coffee roasting business without thinking twice.

៚ Feature Photo by Janko Ferlic from Pexels
៚ Photo by Theo Crazzolara, Hidetsugu Tonomura, Olan Wuysang

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